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Periodontal disease is the destruction of the bone and gum structure in the mouth that hold the teeth in place. Common symptoms of advanced gum disease are enlarged pockets between the tooth and the gum line. These pockets are ideal for plaque and bacteria build up and are very hard to clean, increasing the risk for future tooth and gum disease. In attempts to halt the continuing effects of periodontal disease, pocket reduction surgery is performed to restore your mouth to a healthy state.
The goal of periodontal surgery is to gain access to the tooth root to clean damaged areas that could not be reached during initial therapy. Often, bacterial acids have eroded away the bone that holds teeth in place. Some areas of the mouth will have more bone loss than others, resulting in a bumpy contour of bone. This creates the opportunity for pockets to develop in gum tissue, which cannot be cleaned with brushing and flossing. Once the periodontist can visually see this damage, it can be removed completely. This allows the gums to lie back flat creating a maintainable, healthy environment to keep your teeth for a lifetime.