What You Need to Know About Gum Disease
By CHATTANOOGA PERIODONTICS & DENTAL IMPLANTS
March 15, 2017
Category: Oral Health
Tags: gum disease  

Gum disease, or periodontitis, is caused by a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. Plaque is always forming on your teeth, but if your gum diseaseteeth aren’t cleaned well, the bacteria in plaque can cause your gums to become inflamed. When this happens, your gums will pull away from your teeth and form spaces called pockets. Plaque then gets trapped in these pockets and cannot be removed with regular brushing.  Plaque then hardens and becomes tartar, or calculus.  Plaque and calculus create a perfect home for bacteria to thrive  and cause periodontal disease.  Scaling and root planing remove plaque and calculus from the teeth and creates a healthy oral environment. 
 
Fortunately, when treated early, periodontal disease can be stopped so that it does not progress and become more severe.  If periodontal disease is left untreated, tooth mobility, bone loss, and tooth loss can occur.  Scaling and root planing is an effective method for stopping the spread of periodontal disease.  This treatment can be performed by Dr. Charles Felts, Dr. Elizabeth Randall, and their hygienists at Chattanooga Periodontics and Dental Implants.
 
Scaling and root planing may take more than one appointment to complete, and a local anesthetic is often used to minimize any discomfort. This treatment can be compared to having an irritating splinter removed from an infected finger. The procedure involves thoroughly scaling all plaque, bacteria and calculus deposits from your teeth and root surfaces. Root planing smoothes all rough areas on the root surfaces. Smooth root surfaces keep bacteria, plaque, and tartar from re-adhering underneath the gumline, which will allow your gums to heal and reattach themselves more firmly.
 
If your gums are inflamed, show signs of pulling away from the teeth, or bleed after brushing or eating, you may have periodontal disease.  The non-surgical treatment of scaling and root planing is an effective, minimally invasive therapy that will aid in stopping the progression of periodontal disease.  When followed by regular dental visits and good oral hygiene habits,  your oral health can be greatly improved. 
 
For treatment of periodontal disease in Chattanooga, TN, visit Chattanooga Periodontics and Dental Implants.  To schedule an appointment with Dr. Felts or Dr. Randall, call (423) 756-2450.
 

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