Gum disease affects half of American adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Luckily, there are a few things you can do to decrease your risk of developing the disease. Dr. Charles Felts and Dr. Elizabeth Felts Randall, your Chattanooga, TN, periodontists at Chattanooga Periodontics & Dental Implants, share information on the types of gum disease and explain how you can avoid becoming another statistic.
Gum disease types
Gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease, is often ignored because it doesn't cause dramatic symptoms. If you have gingivitis, your teeth may bleed when you brush and floss, and you may notice that your gums are red and swollen. Unfortunately, if you don't take steps to reverse the disease, it can turn into periodontitis, the more severe form of gum disease.
Periodontitis can cause receding gums, bad breath, tooth sensitivity, an unpleasant taste in your mouth, loose teeth and a change in the way partial dentures fit. You may also notice that your gums have pulled away from your teeth, creating pockets that harbor bacteria. Bone and tooth loss can occur if you have periodontitis.
How can I prevent gum disease?
- Brush and Floss: Good oral hygiene is the best way to avoid gum disease. Brushing and flossing, daily, removes bacteria-laden plaque. If plaque remains on your teeth long enough, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar. Tartar buildup causes receding gums and pockets.
- Don't Skip Dental Visits: Because tartar can only be removed with special dental instruments found at your Chattanooga, TN, dentist's office, it's important to not skip your twice a year cleanings. If tartar has begun to cause gum problems, you may benefit from a deep cleaning that removes tartar from below the gum line.
- Replace Poorly Fitting Crowns: Crowns that don't fit well make it difficult to clean around your teeth, which can lead to tartar buildup.
- Quit Smoking: Smokers have a higher risk of developing gum disease. Quitting smoking is a simple way to decrease your risk.
If you do develop gum disease, periodontists offer a variety of treatments that can help control the infection. Call your Chattanooga, TN, periodontists at Chattanooga Periodontics & Dental Implants, at (423) 756-2450 to schedule your appointment.